The Conquest of Mecca - The following part of the Prophets residence in Medina, from the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, the Conquest of Mecca, to his death.
The Constitution of Medina, under that the clans acceptive Muhammad as the Prophet of God formed an associate alliance, or Federation - dates from this time. It showed that the state consciousness of the Muslim community had reached a necessary point; its members outlined themselves as a community become independent from all others. The Constitution also described the role of non-Muslims in the community. Jews, for example, were part of the community; that is, safe people, as long as they conformed to its laws. Established a precedent for the treatment of governed peoples during the later success. Christians and Jews, upon payment of a named tax, were allowed religious liberty and, while maintaining their situation as non-Muslims, were associate members of the Muslim state. This status did not apply to polytheists, who may not be the tolerated by a community that adored the One God.
Ibn Ishaq, one of the earliest biographers of the Prophet, says it was at about now that Muhammad sent letters to the rulers of the planet - King of the Persia, the Emperor of Byzantium, the Negus of African country, and the Governor of Egypt among others - inviting them to withstand Islam. Nothing more thoroughly illustrates the confidence of the tiny community, as its military vigor, despite the battle of Trench, was still negligible. But their trust was not misplaced. Muhammad was the efficiently designed up a series of alliances among the tribes that, by 628, he and fifteen hundred followers were able to demand access to the Kaaba. A milestone in the history of the Muslims. Just a small time before, Muhammad left the city of his birth to determine the associated Islamic state in Medina. Now he was being treated by his old enemies as a leader in his title.
A year later, in 629, he reentered and, in effect, conquered Mecca, without bloodshed and in an exceeding spirit of tolerance, which established associate ideal for looming conquests. He also destroyed the idols in the Kaaba, to put associate finish forever to pagan practices there. At the same time ‘Amr ibn al-’As, the later conqueror of the Egypt, and Khalid ibn al-Walid, the future “Sword of God,” accepted Islam, and swore allegiance to Muhammad. Their conversion has been particularly noteworthy as a result of these men had been among Muhammad’s bitterest opponents solely a slight time before.
In one sense Muhammad’s return to Mecca was the climax of his mission. In 632, just three years later, he was suddenly taken ill and on June eight of that year, with his third wife Aisha attending, the Messenger of God “died with the heat of twelve noon."
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