The Caliphate of Uthman ibn Affan

Election of Uthman -  The election, governance, and character of the third Caliph of Islam

The second caliph of Islam, Umar ibn Al-Khattab was the stabbed by a Persian slave Abu Lu’lu’ah, a Persian Magian while major the Fajr Prayer.  Umar ibn Al-Khattab was lying on his deathbed, the people around him asked him to appoint a successor. Umar ibn Al-Khattab appointed a committee of six people to opt for ensuring Caliph from among themselves.

Uthman ibn Affan
This committee comprised Uthman ibn Affan, Sad ibn Abi Waqqas, Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Az-Zubayr Ibn Al-Awam, and Talhah ibn Ubayd. Who were among the extremely eminent Companions of the Prophet, may God send His praises upon him, and who had received in their period the word of Paradise.

The instructions of Umar were that the Election Committee ought to opt for the successor inside three days, and he should assume workplace on the fourth day.  As two days passed by while not a choice, the Fellow felt anxious that the time was running out fast, and still no solution to the drawback perceived to be in view.  Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf offered to forgo his claim if others agreed to abide by his call.  All decided to let Abdur-Rahman opt for the new caliph.  He interviewed each candidate and went regarding Medinah asking the people for their alternative.  He finally Elected Uthman as the new caliph, as the majority of the people selected him.

His Life as a Caliph:

Uthman led a straightforward life even once turning into the leader of the Muslim state.  It would are easy for undefeated businesspeople like him to steer a valuable life, but he never aimed at leading such during this world.  His only aim was to style the joyfulness of the Hereafter, as he knew that this world is a test and temporary.  Uthman’s generosity continued once he became caliph.

The caliphs were the paid for their services from the Treasury, but Uthman never took any earnings for his service to Islam.  Not only this, but he also developed a custom to free slaves each Friday, look after widows and orphans and give unendurable charity.  His patience and endurance were among the characteristics that made him an undefeated leader.

Uthman ibn Affan 3rd Caliph

Uthman achieved much throughout his reign.  He pushed forward with the pacification of Persia, sustained to defend the Muslim state against Byzantines, added what is currently Libya to the empire, and subjugated most of the Republic of the Armenia. Uthman also, through his cousin Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan, the governor of the Syria, established an Arab navy that fought a series of necessary engagements with Byzantines.

Much greater importance to Islam, however, was Uthman's collection of the text of the Quran as discovered to the Prophet.  Realizing that matter variant could inadvertently distort the original message from God, he appointed a committee to collect the canonic verses and destroy the recensions.  The result was the text that is the accepted to the present day everywhere the Muslim empire.

Opposition and the End:

The Third Caliph of Islam
During his caliphate, Uthman faced a lot of hostility from new, nominal Muslims in newly Muslim lands, who started to accuse him of not following the instance Prophet and therefore the preceding caliphs in matters regarding governance.  However, the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad always defended him.  These accusations never modified him.  He remained persistent to be a merciful governor.  Even during the time once his foes assault him, he did not use the treasury funds to shield his home or himself.  As envisaged by Prophet Muhammad, Uthman’s enemies relentlessly created his governing terrible by perpetually opposing and accusatory him.  His opponents finally plotted contrary him, surrounded his home, and stimulate individuals to kill him.

Uthman died as a martyr. Many of his advisors asked him to stop the assault however he failed to until he was the killed whereas reciting the Book precisely as the Prophet had foretold. 

Anas ibn Malik explicate the following:

"The Prophet Muhammad once climbed the mountain of Uhud with Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman. The mountain shook with them.  The Prophet Muhammad said (to the mountain), ‘Be firm, O Uhud! For on you, there is a Prophet Muhammad, an early truthful supporter of mine, and two martyrs".
The Caliphate of Uthman ibn Affan The Caliphate of Uthman ibn Affan Reviewed by Mohd Naeem on 7:43 pm Rating: 5
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