Muhammad - The Prophet of Islam
Originally the site of the Kaaba, a shrine of ancient origins, Mecca had, with the decline of southern Arabia, become a necessary center of sixth-century trade with such powers because the Sassanians, Byzantines, and Ethiopians. As a result, the city was dominated by powerful merchandiser families, among whom the men of Quraish were preeminent.
The story of Islam starts with the prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. However, Islam rose in a certain historical and geographical context. What was Arab like before Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and the rise of the Muslim religion? The Arabian Peninsula was originally the house of roving peoples who coped with the desert climate by migrating each season ("Arabic" interprets as "desert dweller").
|Prophet Muhammad Name in Arabic|
|History of Islam|
The religion of the Arab world before the appearance of Islam was an animist theism. It was believed that the desert was populated with fiery spirits known as jinn. Numerous gods were worshiped as well, with most towns having their own leader god. Mecca soon became the Islamic center, with 360 shrines, one for each day of the year. Local merchants depended heavily on the traveler to these shrines for their livelihood, a fact that would become vital for Muhammad.