“Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists). He has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught by the pen, He has taught man that which he knew not.” (Quran 96:1-5)
The first word of Quran disclosed to the Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, was read. Read in the name of the Lord. The God asks the believers to read, seek information, contemplate the universe and its give, and wonders thanks. Consequently, from day one Islam has encouraged accomplishment and education. Throughout Quran, God repeatedly emphasizes the importance of teaching. From its inception, Islam has encouraged learning. It fosters scientific inquiry, problem resolution approaches, open learning circles, the use of community resources, peer review, storytelling, and free education. The importance of learning is the highlighted by the fact that Prophet Muhammad established education as an integral a part of Islam.
Prophet Muhammad set the first information Sessions at Darul Arqam. He would sit in the mosque when prayers, his companions gathered around him, teaching them about the foundations of Islam, the importance of morality and most importantly the identity of God. Prophet Muhammad taught the students in his information sessions verses of the Quran, and he sent the Quran teachers to communities outside the Mecca and the Medina.
Memorizing and understanding the Quran was, and still is the most vital subject in Islamic education, followed by learning and remembering traditions of the Prophet Muhammad. These traditions are the transmitted via a chain of narration that guarantees their genuineness, in much the same manner that reference lists and bibliographies are used nowadays to ensure honesty in scholarship.
The teachers closely followed traditions of the Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of the God be upon him. They sat on the ground with their pupils seated in a very semi-circle ahead of them. Besides the teacher would be his most trusted and the learned student, transcribing all that was the said. Education in Islam grew rapidly from tiny learning circles to colleges connected to mosques. Within a short time, larger schools and universities began to spring up everywhere the Muslim Caliphate.
“God will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge.” (Quran 58:11)
As the Caliphate expanded, the Prophet’s method of teaching unfold. Gathering and transmitting Quran and Muslim information was thought-about a commendable occupation. Kuttabs (learned men) and muallams (teachers) were the found in every Muslim town and village. Ibn Hawqal on his visit to Sicily claimed to have counted about three hundred elementary academics. Jubayr b. Hayya, who was later to be an official and governor within the early Muslim Caliphate, was an educator in a college in Taif. Islamic personalities such as Al-Hadjadd and also the poet’s al-Kumayt and al Tirimmah are said to possess been schoolmasters. The most famous and well-respected students thought about it an honor to teach. Ibn Muzahim, traditionist, and grammarian is said to possess had a college in Kufa attended by over 3000 youngsters. To supervise all his pupils, he rode up and down between the rows of kids on a mule.
Other subjects began to be supplemental to Muslim education. There were classes in Muslim manners, Islamic law and jurisprudence, mathematics, grammar and agriculture, medication, ethics, civics, economics, and history. The method of 1 teacher is the delineated within the following passage.
“And be not in haste (O Muhammad) with the Quran before its revelation is completed to you, and say, “My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.” (Quran 20:114)
“He went several times over the passage from the law book, revised with the students when they'd committed it to memory, known as attention to the divergent rulings of Abu Hanifa and Imams Malik mainly, and sometimes of others. He then quoted the proof texts, then he set forth analogous cases in very clear language, repeating them in entirely different words until they sank into the scholars minds.”
The mosques and schools were usually charitable foundations. Literacy and education were inspired therefore smartly that no pupil was the turned away. Lack of money failed to mean lack of education. Remarkable similarities exist between procedures established in early Muslim establishments and instructional facilities nowadays. There were prizes for proficiency, poetry, and oratory examinations were the conducted, and degrees granted.
A professional famous person was Ibn Sina (known in the West as Avicenna) who was a doctor, thinker, and teacher. In the 10th century Ce, he wrote medical textbooks that were the used as primary medical references for more than 800 years. Ibn Sina developed the theories of education able to stand the tests of your time. He emphasized the want for youngsters to be the told the Quran, poetry, devoutness, and ethics. But he additionally did not ignore a child’s desire for movement, play, and diversion. He thought the overall aim of education was the spiritual, physical and moral growth of every individual. He thought of education as a way of making ready youngsters create a long-lasting contribution to their society.
Although, Prophet Muhammad, may the blessings and mercy of God be upon him, understood the importance of education and literacy. He inspired his followers to request information and pass that information on to others. He taught the importance of memorizing Quran and acting upon the information it conveys. He encouraged his followers to look for the signs of the God magnificence within the world around them. To love God, one should know Him, and Knowing Him comes by understanding the splendor of the world He created. Knowledge is the key to amative our Creator and goes to Him within the best means.
Literacy in Education in Islam Reviewed by Mohd Naeem on 8:00 pm Rating: